TITLE IX POLICY ON PROHIBITION OF SEXUAL DISCRIMINATION
As required by Title IX and its implementing regulations, 34 C.F.R. Part 106, The College of Westchester does not discriminate against students or employees on the basis of sex/gender in its educational programs and activities. This policy applies to all complaints of sexual harassment carried out by employees, faculty, students, and third parties. This policy applies to all programming and activities. The College of Westchester will process all complaints regardless of where the conduct occurred to determine whether the conduct occurred in the context of its educational program or had continuing effects on campus or in an off-campus program or activity.
All members of the College community are prohibited from engaging in sexual harassment and retaliating against individuals based on their participation in a sexual harassment investigation. When they learn about incidents of sexual harassment, College employees who are supervisors must take prompt remedial action to respond to any concerns including referring the matter to relevant internal options.
Title IX also prohibits gender-based harassment, which may include acts of verbal, nonverbal, or physical aggression, intimidation, or hostility based on gender or gender-stereotyping, even if those acts do not involve conduct of a sexual nature. Gender-based harassment or sexual harassment constitutes sex discrimination if it is sufficiently severe or pervasive and has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work or academic performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working or academic environment. In some cases, a single act of sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, may be sufficiently severe to create a hostile environment and constitute discrimination.
Inquiries regarding the application of The College of Westchester’s Title IX Policy should be referred to the Title IX Coordinator, Dr. Daphne Galkin, 325 Central Avenue, White Plains, NY, 914-831-0431, firstname.lastname@example.org. The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for coordinating The College of Westchester’s efforts to comply with Title IX, overseeing the College’s responses to reports of Title IX violations, and identifying and addressing any pattern or systemic problems.
The Deputy Title IX Coordinator is Jessica Muller, Manager of Administrative Services/Human Resources, 325 Central Avenue, White Plains, NY 10606, 914-831-0408, email@example.com. The Deputy Title IX Coordinator will oversee investigations involving employees, and will provide updates to the Title IX Coordinator.
Furthermore, anyone may contact the Office of Civil Rights – New York Office, U.S. Department of Education, 32 Old Slip, 26th Floor, New York, New York 10005-2500 for general information about Title IX or to file a complaint. Students and employees who file a grievance are hereby assured that no adverse action will be taken against them for filing a complaint.
We hear and use many words to describe sexual violence and other crimes. These definitions are provided so you can understand the College’s definitions of these terms. All actions defined below constitute violations of the College of Westchester’s Title IX policy and Code of Conduct.
Sexual Discrimination - All forms of sexual harassment, including all forms of sexual harassment, sexual assault, and other sexual violence by employees, students, or third parties against employees, students, or third parties. Students, employees, and third parties are prohibited from harassing others whether or not the harassment occurs on campus or whether it occurs during work hours. Sex discrimination can be carried out by other students, college employees, or third parties. All acts of sex discrimination, including sexual harassment and sexual violence, are prohibited by Title IX.
Sexual Harassment - Sexual harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature. Sexual harassment includes any unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other unwelcome verbal, visual, or physical conduct of a sexual nature, including sexual assault or acts of sexual violence. Sexual harassment also includes quid pro quo harassment, where sexual conduct is made, either explicitly or implicitly, a term or condition of an individual’s employment or academic advancement.
Sexual Violence - Physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or perpetrated where a person is incapable of giving consent. A number of different acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual misconduct, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual abuse, forcible touching and sexual coercion.
Sexual Assault - A physical sexual act or acts committed against another person without consent. Sexual assault is an extreme form of sexual harassment. Sexual assault includes what is commonly known as “rape” (including what is commonly called “date rape” and “acquaintance rape”), fondling, statutory rape and incest. For statutory rape, the age of consent in New York State is 17 years old.
Rape - Rape is a crime which is a form of criminal sexual assault. Rape is actual or attempted penetration accomplished by threats, coercion, or physical force. It includes nonconsensual vaginal, anal, or oral penetration by penis, finger, or any object. Rape occurs when a person engages in sexual intercourse with a person who is incapable of consent where there is lack of consent. In the following circumstances, actual or attempted penetration is rape, because under NYS law, the following are incapable of consent: individuals who are under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances; who are physically helpless (including sleeping); who are under the age of 17; who are mentally incapacitated; and/or who are mentally disabled. Further, lack of consent results from forcible compulsion; incapacity to consent; or where at the time of the act of intercourse, oral sexual conduct or anal sexual conduct, the victim clearly expressed that he or she did not consent to engage in such act, and a reasonable person in the actor’s situation would have understood such person’s words and acts as an expression of lack consent in such act under all circumstances. Men and women, irrespective of sexual orientation, may be either perpetrators or victims.
Domestic Violence - An act which would constitute a violation of the penal law, including, but not limited to acts constituting disorderly conduct, harassment, aggravated harassment, sexual misconduct, forcible touching, sexual abuse, stalking, criminal mischief, menacing, reckless endangerment, kidnapping, assault, attempted murder, criminal obstruction of breathing or blood circulation, or strangulation; and such acts have created a substantial risk of physical or emotional harm to a person or a person’s child. Such acts are alleged to have been committed by a family member. The victim can be anyone over the age of sixteen, any married person or any parent accompanied by his or her minor child or children in situations in which such person or such person’s child is a victim of the act.
Dating Violence - Dating violence is violence that occurs between people who know each other: boyfriends and girlfriends or same sex partners whether or not they live together. The violence may be physical, but it can also include threats, enforced social isolation and/or humiliation, intimidation, harassment, emotional mistreatment, financial control, forced sex or making threats with regard to family, friends, and/or children. Some of the common terms used to describe dating violence are courtship violence, battering, intimate partner violence, and date rape.
Stalking - Stalking occurs when a person, for no legitimate purpose, engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person, and knows or reasonably should know that such conduct is likely to cause a reasonable fear of material harm to the physical health, safety or property of such person, a member of such person’s immediate family or a third party with whom such person is acquainted; causes material harm to the mental or emotional health of such person, where such conduct consists of following, telephoning or initiating communication or contact with such person, a member of such person’s immediate family or a third party with whom such person is acquainted, and the actor was previously clearly informed to cease that conduct; or is likely to cause such person to reasonably fear that his or her employment, business or career is threatened, where such conduct consists of appearing, telephoning or initiating communication or contact at such person’s place of employment or business, the actor was previously clearly informed to cease that conduct. It is the willful, malicious and repeated harassing or threatening of another person which, as a pattern, tends to escalate in both intensity and frequency over time and can last for many years. Stalking includes a direct or implied threat, and victims often report fear for their safety. Stalking is about power and control. Stalkers control the time, type, amount, and place of contact. No matter what the motivation for stalking, the unwanted behaviors are the same and may include, but are not limited to: repeated following, repeated telephone calls and hang-ups; letters; unwanted gifts and packages; spreading harmful gossip about victims; breaking-and-entering that can include vandalism, theft, or even simply rearranging objects so that victims know the stalker was there. Stalkers may also enlist their friends or associates to help them stalk or have their associates speak with friends of the victim to obtain information.
Hostile Work Environment Sexual Harassment – employees in a workplace are subject to a pattern of exposure to unwanted sexual behavior from persons other than an employee's direct supervisor where supervisors or managers take no steps to discourage or discontinue such behavior.
Quid Pro Quo – Quid pro quo is defined a direct supervisor seeks sexual favors in return for something within the supervisor's powers, such as threatening to fire someone, or offering them a raise.
Affirmative Consent is a knowing, voluntary, and mutual decision among all participants to engage in sexual activity. Consent can be given by words or actions, as long as those words or actions create clear permission regarding willingness to engage in the sexual activity. Consent to any sexual act or prior consensual sexual activity between or with any party does not necessarily constitute consent to any other sexual act. Silence or lack or resistance, in and of itself, does not demonstrate consent. The definition of consent does not vary based upon a participant’s sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression. The following are guiding principles for consent:
• Consent is required regardless of whether the person initiating the act is under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol.
• Consent may be initially given but withdrawn at any time.
• Consent cannot be given when a person is incapacitated, which occurs when an individual lacks the ability to knowingly choose to participate in sexual activity. Incapacitation may be caused by the lack of consequences or being asleep, being involuntarily restrained, or if an individual otherwise cannot consent. Depending on the degree of intoxication, someone who is under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or other intoxicants may be incapacitated and therefore unable to consent.
• Consent cannot be given when it is the result of any coercion, intimidation, force or threat of harm.
• When consent is withdrawn or can no longer be given, sexual activity must stop.
Any individual who believes they have been subjected to sexual harassment or retaliation for reporting sexual harassment should report their concerns to Dr. Daphne Galkin, Title IX Coordinator, 325 Central Avenue, White Plains, NY, 914-831-0413 or firstname.lastname@example.org. The Title IX Coordinator, Deputy Title IX Officer, appeal officer, and their designees undergo mandatory training on issues relating to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, conducting an investigation and the hearing process.
Once a complaint is made, the complainant has the option to proceed with informal resolution or to proceed with a formal investigation. The complainant may initially choose informal resolution and later decide to proceed formally. The informal procedures (mediation) are designed to resolve complaints quickly, efficiently, and to the mutual satisfaction of all parties involved. Where circumstances allow, and both parties agree to participate, in formal procedures will be initiated as soon as possible and within five school days, absent any unusual circumstances. A complainant may elect to terminate a formal complaint process and enter into mediation at any point, including after the commencement of the formal process. Mediation is a voluntary process intended to allow the parties involved in an alleged complaint of discrimination or harassment to discuss their respective understandings of the incident with each other through the assistance of a trained mediator. Mediation is designed to encourage each person to be honest and direct with the other and to accept personal responsibility where appropriate. Mediation is only offered as an option if both the complainant and the respondent are members of The College of Westchester community and agree to participate. Informal mediation is not appropriate for certain cases, such as alleged sexual assaults, even on a voluntary basis.
Notice of a formal complaint may be in person, or orally to an appropriate official. The University does require submission of grievance (in writing, by email attachment, etc.) to the Title IX Coordinator or designee. The formal grievance should be clear and concise and describe the alleged incident(s) in detail including location and time the incident occurred, details about the incident, and desired remedy sought. The grievance should be signed by the complainant or in the case of an email submission, sent as an email attachment, in letter format and should contain the name and all contact information of the initiator filing the complaint. Any and all supporting documentation and evidence should be referenced within the body of the formal grievance.
Upon receipt of a formal grievance, the Title IX Coordinator or designee will open a formal case File and determine any necessary interim actions, accommodations (housing, academic schedules, etc.) for the alleged victim, and any other necessary remedial short-term actions.
• Determine the identity and contact information of the complainant (whether that be the initiator, the alleged victim, university representative, or third party)
• Conduct an immediate initial investigation to determine if there is reasonable cause to charge the respondent, and what policy violations should be alleged as part of the complaint
o If there is insufficient evidence to support reasonable cause (preponderance of evidence), the grievance will be closed with no further action
• Meet with the complainant to finalize the complaint
• Prepare and deliver the notice of investigation and possibly notice of charges on the basis of the initial investigation
• Initiate a thorough, reliable, and impartial investigation by developing a strategic investigation plan, including a witness list, evidence list, intended timeframe, and order of interviews for all witnesses and the accused individual, who may be given notice of charges prior to or at the time of the interview
• Complete the investigation promptly, and without unreasonable deviation from the intended timeline
• Make a finding, based on a preponderance of the evidence (whether a policy violation is more likely than not)
The College of Westchester will act to end the discrimination, prevent its recurrence, and remedy its effects on the victim and the university campus community.
If necessary, The College may take interim remedial measures to protect the complainant during the investigation. These remedial measures include the following:
• No contact order;
• A change in academic situations as appropriate with the minimum burden on the complainant;
• Health and mental health services;
• Escort services;
• Academic services
• Retake course or withdraw without penalty
These interim measures will be taken promptly at no cost to the complainant. These interim measures may be continued if the respondent is found to have violated the policy. Additional remedies and sanctions may be rendered after a violation is found.
Potential remedies and/or sanctions may include one or more of the following:
• A no contact order may be required and/or interim suspensions may be possible during the period of investigation. Specific guidelines regarding implementation of a no contact order will be relayed directly to both parties.
• Revisions to class schedules to maintain separation of parties.
• Transfer of perpetrator to different division of the College (Adult/Day/Online).
• Temporary suspension from The College perpetrator(s) pending program completion of victim(s).
• Permanent dismissal from The College for perpetrator(s).
• Transcript notation
The College will take steps to prevent recurrence of any harassment and to correct its discriminatory effects on the complainant and others, as necessary.
The College strongly encourages individuals to report incidents of sexual harassment because it is the only way that responsive action can be taken against perpetrators of sexual harassment. In the event a sex offense, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking incident has occurred, victims are strongly encouraged to preserve evidence as may be necessary to the proof of a crime. The College of Westchester campus authorities will assist in notifying law enforcement if the victim chooses. Victims have the right to decline to notify law enforcement.
Further, in order to continue to create a safe and welcoming environment for staff, faculty, students and visitors to The College, we should all strive to maintain an academic and work environment that is free of sexual harassment. Students or employees may file a Title IX complaint and criminal complaint simultaneously. The College will assist complainants in filing a criminal report, including but not limited to obtaining a no contact order. If the complainant files a criminal complaint with a local law enforcement agency, the College will comply with law enforcement agency requests for cooperation, which may require the College to temporarily suspend the fact-finding aspect of a Title IX investigation while the law-enforcement agency gathers evidence. The College will suspend an active Title IX investigation for a maximum of 10 days.
Whether verbal or physical, sexual harassment is an act of aggression. It is a violation of College policy, as well as both federal law (section 703 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Title IX Education Amendments of 1972) and state law (New York State Human Rights Act).
Both the reporting individual and the accused have the option to appeal the final determination of a Title IX investigation by contacting Dr. Joann Mulqueen, Associate Provost, 325 Central Avenue, White Plains, NY 10606, 914-831-0418 or email@example.com.
Requirements for appeal:
1. The request is made within 14 days of the original sanction, and
2. The appeal is on the basis of any of the three articulated grounds:
a) A procedural error occurred that significantly impacted the outcome of the Informal or Formal Resolution (e.g. substantiated bias, material deviation from established procedures, etc.)
b) To consider new evidence, unavailable during the original hearing, Informal or Formal Resolution or Investigation, that could substantially impact the finding or sanction
c) The sanctions fall outside the range typically imposed for this offense, or for the cumulative conduct record of the Accused
The Title IX Appeal Officer will render a decision applying the following principles:
1. Decisions by the Title IX Appeal Officer are to be deferential to the original decision, making changes to the finding only where there is clear error and to the sanction/remedial action only if there is a compelling justification to do so.
2. Appeals are not intended to be full re-hearings of the complaint. In most cases, appeals are confined to a review of the written documentation or record of the rationale for the original sanction, and pertinent documentation regarding the grounds for appeal. Appeals granted based on new evidence should normally be remanded to the Title IX Coordinator and/or original hearing committee.
3. Sanctions imposed are implemented immediately unless the Title IX Coordinator, designee or hearing committee stays their implementation pending the outcome of the appeal.
4. The Title IX Appeals Officer will normally render a written decision on the appeal to all parties within 7 business days from accepting the request for appeal.
5. All parties should be informed of whether the grounds for an appeal are accepted and the results of the appeal decision.
6. Once an appeal is decided, the outcome is final: further appeals are not permitted.
Even The College of Westchester offices and employees who cannot guarantee confidentiality will maintain your privacy to the greatest extent possible. The information you provide to a non-confidential resource will be relayed only as necessary to investigate and/or seek a resolution and to notify the Title IX Coordinator or designee, who is responsible under the law for tracking patterns and spotting systemic issues. The College of Westchester will limit the disclosure as much as possible, even if the Title IX Coordinator determines that the request for confidentiality cannot be honored.
With the exception of the confidential resources identified in this policy, all other College staff and faculty who receive a report of sexual misconduct or harassment are required to elevate the report to the Title IX Coordinator or Deputy Title IX Coordinator for investigation and response.
Non-confidential resources on campus include:
|• Faculty||• Student Financial Services Counselors|
|• Success Coaches||• Veterans Support staff member|
|• Deans||• Administrative Staff|
|• Manager of Human Resources||• Executive Office staff|
|• Security staff||• Peer Mentors|
|• Career Counselors|
If you disclose an incident to a College of Westchester employee who is responsible for responding to or reporting sexual violence or sexual harassment, but wish to maintain confidentiality or do not consent to the institution’s request to initiate an investigation, the Title IX Coordinator must weigh your request against our obligation to provide a safe, non-discriminatory environment for all members of our community, including you.
We may seek consent from you prior to conducting an investigation. You may decline to consent to an investigation, and that determination will be honored unless The College of Westchester’s failure to act does not adequately mitigate the risk of harm to you or other members of The College of Westchester community. Honoring your request may limit our ability to meaningfully investigate and pursue conduct action against an accused individual. If we determine that an investigation is required, we will notify you and take immediate action as necessary to protect and assist you.
When you disclose an incident to someone who is responsible for responding to or reporting sexual violence or sexual harassment, but wish to maintain confidentiality, The College of Westchester will consider many factors to determine whether to proceed despite that request. These factors include, but are not limited to:
• Whether the accused has a history of violent behavior or is a repeat offender;
• Whether the incident represents escalation, such as a situation that previously involved sustained stalking,
• The increased risk that the accused will commit additional acts of violence;
• Whether the accused used a weapon or force;
• Whether the reporting individual is a minor; and
• Whether we possess other means to obtain evidence such as security footage, and whether the report reveals a pattern of perpetration at a given location or by a particular group.
If The College of Westchester determines that it must move forward with an investigation, the reporting individual or victim/survivor will be notified and the College will take immediate action as necessary to protect and assist them.
Individuals who are confidential resources will not report policy violations to law enforcement or college officials without your permission, except for extreme circumstances, such as a health and/or safety emergency.
At The College of Westchester this includes:
The Counseling Center
Patricia Alvarado, MA, LPCC
914-831-0213 (direct) or 914-831-0334 (Counseling Center line)
Off-campus options to disclose sexual violence confidentially include (note that these outside options do not provide any information to the campus):
Off-campus counselors and advocates. Crisis services offices will generally maintain confidentiality unless you request disclosure and sign a consent or waiver form. More information on an agency’s policies on confidentiality may be obtained directly from the agency.
My Sisters’ Place White Plains Administrative Office
One Water Street
White Plains, NY 10601
Phone (914) 683-1333
Hope’s Door Main Office
39 Washington Avenue
Pleasantville, NY 10570
Westchester Jewish Community Services
845 N. Broadway, Suite 2, White Plains
Victims Assistance Services
2269 Saw Mill River Road, Bldg. #3
Off-campus healthcare providers
Westchester Medical Center
100 Woods Rd, Valhalla, NY 10595
Phone: (914) 493-7000
Note that medical office and insurance billing practices may reveal information to the insurance policyholder, including medication and/or examinations paid for or administered. The New York State Office of Victim Services may be able to assist in compensating victims/survivors for health care and counseling services, including emergency compensation. More information may be found here: https://www.ovs.ny.gov/sites/default/files/brochure/ovsrightsofcvbooklet.pdf, or by calling 1-800-247-8035. Options are explained here: https://www.ovs.ny.gov/help-crime-victims.
Off-campus legal assistance
Hopes Door Family Justice Center, County Courthouse, 111 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., White Plains, NY 10601. 914-995-3100
Note that even individuals who can typically maintain confidentiality are subject to exceptions under the law, including when an individual is a threat to him or herself or others and the mandatory reporting of child abuse.
If you disclose a situation through a public awareness event such as “Take Back the Night,” candlelight vigils, protests, or other public event, The College of Westchester is not obligated to begin an investigation. The College of Westchester may use the information you provide to inform the need for additional education and prevention efforts.
• My Sister’s Place-if you need to speak to a crisis counselor immediately, please call their 24-hour, toll-free hotline at 1-800-298-7233 (SAFE). The Hotline is for crisis intervention, resources and referrals and is not a reporting mechanism.
• New York State Hotline for Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence: 1-800-942-6906
• Hope’s Door Domestic Abuse 24 Hour Hotline: 1-888-438-8700
All students/employees have the right to:
• Make a report to local law enforcement and/or state police;
• Have disclosures of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and sexual assault treated seriously;
• Make a decision about whether or not to disclose a crime or violation and participate in the judicial or conduct process and/or criminal justice process free from pressure by the institution;
• Participate in a process that is fair, impartial, and provides adequate notice and a meaningful opportunity to be heard;
• Be treated with dignity and to receive from the institution courteous, fair, and respectful health care and counseling services, where available;
• Be free from any suggestion that the reporting individual is at fault when these crimes and violations are committed, or should have acted in a different manner to avoid such crimes or violations;
• Describe the incident to as few institution representatives as practicable and not be required to unnecessarily repeat a description of the incident;
• Be protected from retaliation by the institution, any student, the accused and/or the respondent, and/or their friends, family and acquaintances within the jurisdiction of the institution;
• Access to at least one level of appeal of a determination;
• Be accompanied by an advisor of choice who may assist and advise a reporting individual, accused, or respondent throughout the judicial or conduct process including during all meetings and hearings related to such process; and
• Exercise civil rights and practice of religion without interference by the investigative, criminal justice, or judicial or conduct process of the institution. Response to Reports:
• Notify university police or campus security, local law enforcement and/or the State Police;
• Have emergency access to a Title IX Coordinator or other appropriate official trained in interviewing victims of sexual assault who shall be available upon first instance of disclosure by reporting individual to provide information regarding options to proceed, and, where applicable, the importance of preserving evidence and obtaining a sexual assault forensic examination, and detailing that the criminal justice process utilizes different standards of proof and evidence. The official shall also explain whether he or she is authorized to offer the reporting individual confidentiality or privacy and shall inform the reporting individual of other reporting options;
• Confidentially disclose the incident to institution representatives, who may offer confidentiality and can assist in obtaining services;
• Disclose confidentially the incident and obtain services from the state or local government;
• File a report of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence and/or stalking and the right to consult the Title IX Coordinator and other appropriate institution representatives for information and assistance. Reports shall be investigated in accordance with the institution policy and a reporting individual’s identity shall remain private at all time if said reporting individual wishes to maintain privacy;
• Disclose the incident, if the accused is an employee of the institution, to the institution’s human resources authority;
• Receive assistance from appropriate institution initiating legal proceedings in family or civil court; and
• Withdraw a compliant or involvement from the institution process at any time.
The College of Westchester strictly prohibits retaliation against any individual who brings a complaint under this policy or participates in any portion of a Title IX investigation. Retaliatory conduct violates not only College of Westchester policy and Title IX, but may also violate state and federal law. Individuals that believe they have been the victim of retaliation should promptly report the conduct to the Title IX Coordinator, Dr. Daphne Galkin, Dean of Academic Services at 914-831-0433 or firstname.lastname@example.org or the Deputy Title IX Coordinator, Jessica Muller, Manager of Administrative Services/Human Resources at 914-831-0408 or email@example.com.
The health and safety of every student at The College of Westchester (CW) is of utmost importance. CW recognizes that individuals who have been drinking and/or using drugs (whether such use is voluntary or involuntary) at the time that violence, including but not limited to domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, or sexual assault occurs may be hesitant to report such incidents due to fear of potential consequences for their own conduct. CW strongly encourages individuals to report domestic violence, dating violence, stalking or sexual assault to institution officials. A bystander acting in good faith or a reporting individual acting in good faith that discloses any incident of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, or sexual assault to CW’s officials or law enforcement will not be subject to CW’s Code of Conduct section for violation of alcohol and/or drug use policies occurring at or near the time of the commission of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking or sexual assault.
Reports of certain crimes occurring in certain geographic locations will be included in The College of Westchester’s Annual Security Report in an anonymized manner that neither identifies the specifics of the crime or the identity of the victim/survivor.
Dr. Daphne Galkin
Dean of Academic Services
325 Central Avenue
White Plains, NY 10606
The College of Westchester is obligated to issue timely warnings of Clery Act crimes occurring within relevant geography that represent a serious or continuing threat to students and employees (subject to exceptions when potentially compromising law enforcement efforts and when the warning itself could potentially identify the reporting individual). A victim/survivor will never be identified in a timely warning.
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act allows institutions to share information with parents when (1) there is a health or safety emergency, or (2) when the student is a dependent on either parents’ prior year federal income tax return. Generally, The College of Westchester will not share information about a report of sexual violence with parents without the permission of the reporting individual.